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Focus on precision Poverty Alleviation Digital poverty alleviation in some places is impatient and i-www.jhyc.cn

Focus on precision Poverty Alleviation: a few areas of digital poverty alleviation impatience, imprecise, at present, China is steadily implementing precision poverty alleviation strategy. Banyuetan reporters learned in Guangxi Ganwan black etc. Recently, all positive through cadres and poor households and helping with "cooperative + base + farmers" model, to make up the "short board", lead the poor households out of poverty, poor households are welcome. However, there are also many worries in the process of promoting precision poverty alleviation, such as the existence of aid measures "imprecise", impatience, "digital poverty alleviation" and other phenomena. Baiquan Xingguo County of Heilongjiang province township new village of poor households in their own house before Wang Jianshe noticed the precise poverty prosperous Heilongjiang province Qinggang County Xiang Xing Village households Yan Lichao, mushroom greenhouses are placed inside the home on the front of the bacteria and package, until last year, the house is empty. After the Spring Festival this year, Changsheng township will promote poverty alleviation funds bundled centralized, integrated 600 thousand yuan of funds, in the East Village to choose 20 poor households, free for each household to build a mushroom greenhouse, some built in front of the house, some built in the field. Yan Lichao home is the 20 families in one family. "Village and a mushroom processing enterprises signed a protective price purchase agreement, sales can not be a problem."." Yan told reporters, a greenhouse has 8000 packs of bacteria, 1.5 grams per bag of edible fungi production, 4 yuan per catty, after deducting the cost of pure income of 1 yuan, a year down to earn 8000 yuan. Guangxi is also implementing precise poverty alleviation work. Bobai county is a large population of Guangxi County, one of the counties and poverty-stricken population more. The reporter interviewed found in Bobai County town of six village level cadres in waves, poverty alleviation and grower help, bamboo has become the supporting industry in this impoverished village uncap transformation. The average annual income of the poor households in the village reached 4800 yuan last year, and the poverty population in the village decreased from more than 1700 in 2014 to more than 270 people in the past year." Six Jiang Village Party branch secretary Lian Shijiang said. Some places also innovate cooperation model to boost poverty alleviation. Wu Yun Zhen is impoverished villages and towns in Jiangxi province Ganxian typical, the town 12 village half of poor villages, poor households amounted to 623. Wu Yun town Party Secretary Ming Jinghua said that in recent years, the local development of vegetable industry, 284 poor households to participate in vegetable cultivation through "cooperatives + base + farmers" model driven by these poor households with land and poverty alleviation fund shares, usually in cooperative work, a year down the minimum income 5000 yuan. Digital poverty alleviation worries, with the precise poverty alleviation work in depth, whether the precise problem gradually highlights. As the reporter saw in a poor village and the poor on the roster, due to the poor ", lack of funds for poverty of households, the supporting measures for" planting technology "," lack of technology "because of poverty poverty, supporting measures to" help coordinate reconstruction". Irritable disease is one of the sights of poverty alleviation. Reporters interviewed a poor family in a poor county learned that the relevant departments last year to help him grow 30 grapefruit trees, raised 25 chickens, and issued 1300 yuan of aid funds. He said, these chickens sell much money, but have to wait until four or five years after the grapefruit tree to bear fruit. But)

聚焦精准扶贫:少数地方数字扶贫 急躁、不精准  当前,我国各地正稳步实施精准扶贫战略。半月谈记者近期在黑桂赣皖等地采访了解到,各地积极通过干部与贫困户结亲帮扶及“合作社+基地+农户”模式,努力补齐“短板”,带领贫困户脱贫致富,受到贫困户欢迎。然而各地在推进精准扶贫过程中亦存在不少隐忧,如存在帮扶举措“不精准”、急躁症、“数字扶贫”等现象。黑龙江省拜泉县兴国乡新展村贫困户在自家土房前 王建 摄  精准扶贫 初见成效  黑龙江省青冈县昌盛乡兴东村贫困户闫利超,正在自家屋前的食用菌大棚内摆放菌包,而在去年之前,屋前还是一片空地。今年春节过后,昌盛乡将整村推进扶贫资金捆绑集中,整合60万元资金,在兴东村选择20户贫困户,免费为每户建造一栋食用菌大棚,有的建在房前屋后,有的建在地头。闫利超家就是这20户中的一户。  “乡里和一家食用菌加工企业签订保护价收购协议,销售不成问题。” 闫利超告诉记者,一栋大棚有菌包8000包,每包生产食用菌1.5斤,每斤4元,扣除成本后纯收益为1元,一年下来能挣8000元。  广西也正实施精准扶贫工作。博白县是广西人口大县,也是贫困人口较多的县份之一。记者在博白县浪平镇六江村采访发现,在扶贫干部及种植大户帮助下,麻竹已成为这个贫困村“摘帽”转型的支撑产业。“依靠麻竹种植等项目,去年全村贫困户人均年收入达4800元,村里贫困人口由2014年的1700多人减至目前270多人。”六江村党支部书记廉世江说。  一些地方还创新合作模式助推脱贫。五云镇是江西省赣县典型的贫困乡镇,全镇12个村中有一半是贫困村,贫困户达623户。五云镇党委书记明经华说,近年来,当地大力发展蔬菜产业,通过“合作社+基地+农户”的模式共带动284户贫困户参与蔬菜种植,这些贫困户以土地和扶贫资金入股,平时还可在合作社打工,一年下来最少能增收5000元。  数字扶贫惹人忧  随着精准扶贫工作的深入推进,是否精准的问题逐步凸显。如在一个贫困村的脱贫户花名册上,记者看到,对因“缺资金”致贫的贫困户,其帮扶举措为“提供种植技术”,对因“缺技术”致贫的贫困户,帮扶举措为“帮助协调危房改造”。  急躁症就是扶贫怪象之一。记者在某贫困县采访一贫困户时了解到,相关部门去年帮他种了30棵柚子树,养了25只鸡,同时发放了1300元的帮扶资金。他说,这些鸡卖不了多少钱,而柚子树还要等到四五年后才能挂果。但在当地村委会去年的脱贫花名册中,记者看到这名贫困户的名字赫然在列。  “数字扶贫”倾向也引发广泛担忧。受访人士表示,由于扶贫工作时间紧、任务重,扶贫走形式和“数字扶贫”的现象也随之出现。由于基层扶贫工作压力大,不少干部长期处于“5+2”“白+黑”的工作状态,加之补贴标准有限,面对众多扶贫指标,需要警惕“上有政策,下有对策”的问题。  一位基层干部告诉记者,现在亟须防止为了脱贫而脱贫,围绕打分标准转,只“输血”不“造血”的倾向,更要防止脱贫指标机械化地分解和不切实际地层层下达任务。“如异地搬迁扶贫指标,有的地方本身发展条件很好,居民搬迁意愿不强,不顾实际地下达搬迁指标,搞数字扶贫,这就本末倒置了。”  如何破解隐忧  为破解精准扶贫中存在的隐忧,基层干部认为应强化产业培育,增强扶贫产业发展后劲;同时结合实际调优农业产业结构,深挖产业增收的内部潜力;另外还应加强龙头企业、经济能人的引入和培育力度,延伸扶贫产业链条。  “基层干部很难全面了解技术和市场,但龙头企业和经济能人却有优势。要更好发挥产业扶贫效果,积极引入市场力量,发挥带动效应,而不能盲目跟风式的上马产业项目。”浪平镇副镇长莫林锋说。  还有基层干部认为,在广大贫困地区,扶贫观念的转变是亟须推进的工作之一,“喊破嗓子,不如树个样子”,可探索通过树立扶贫典型的方式来发挥示范作用。让更多地扶贫干部与贫困户“结亲”,扎扎实实推动扶贫工作。此外,树立贫困户脱贫致富典型,提高贫困户主动脱贫意识。(半月谈记者姜刚 吴小康 徐海涛 王建)(半月谈)相关的主题文章: