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Comment poverty alleviation should give up the illusion of gratitude-iptd-651

Comment: poverty alleviation should give up the illusion of "gratitude". Chen Hangjia, Secretary of Hubei Badong county Party committee, once again became the focus of public opinion. Recently, the radio and television stations in Badong County, Hubei Province, published the article "Chen Hangjia: to keep up with the self-strength and gratitude education in the precision and poverty alleviation." Chen line a said in the article, some poor households do not know Thanksgiving, but there was a vexatious mentality: "I am who I am" poor "I am small people who I am" I pinch with you ". In this regard, he asked to strengthen the self-reliance and gratitude education for the masses. (surging news November 8th) Chen Hangjia this "stuck in my throat, open letter to speak out, believe that is true. The mentality of some poor families exposed in the letter and the poverty alleviation, or indeed the local existence. However, in the modern political concept, the government’s poverty alleviation is based on the essential requirements of the basic public duties and public services. Poverty alleviation is not a handout for poor households. Poor households are out of poverty and enjoy basic living conditions. It is also a civil right of the poor. If it is necessary for poor households to be grateful for the government’s poverty alleviation, does it mean that there is no gratitude to the poor? Obviously not. Moreover, if the cadres are all with the mentality of gratitude to the poverty alleviation, it is not only an inversion of the relationship between the responsibility and the right, but the poverty alleviation work is also difficult to be accurate. In reality, it is true that some poor households have a negative attitude of "waiting for", but this is the real problem that the poverty alleviation should be committed to. Chen Kai Jia also mentioned in his open letter that "precision poverty alleviation is not only to help poor people to improve their living conditions, to turn them over financially, but also to turn over mentally," but obviously, gratitude is not able to achieve that goal. It is necessary to know that the poor households have a negative attitude, although it is related to the mental state of the individual, but it is also difficult to escape from the poor way of poverty alleviation in the past. Such as the flood irrigation type of poverty, "delegate to fish" rather than "delegate to fish", of course, easy to cause some people to become lazy, and helping poor households out of poverty between government and self poverty linked. It is necessary to face up to the fact that the government’s poverty alleviation should not presuppose the high moral level and ambition of the poor. Moreover, the formation of some seemingly individual negative psychology is closely related to the regional conditions of survival and rights. To alleviate the "spiritual poverty" of the non overnight, for poor households "nuqibuzheng", does not solve the problem. It is also a difficult task for the poor to help the poor families to help them effectively. As for the poverty alleviation, there are some cadres who are more anxious than the poor families. They also need to reflect on the way of poverty alleviation and the assessment system design of cadres. The working method is correct. If the incentive mechanism is appropriate, it will not negate the performance of officials’ poverty alleviation for individual cases, and it is also hard for some poor families to succeed. Poverty alleviation has entered a crucial stage, the rest are bones". One of the difficulties is that poverty in some areas can not only get rid of poverty through individual efforts and coordinated development of regions, but rather depend on the precise input from resources to rights. If there is still too much emphasis on the cause of the poor, and the poor households should be grateful, it is possible to form the hallucination of "poverty is the wrong of the poor". How to mobilize and stimulate the poverty alleviation enthusiasm of the poor, indeed test the precision of poverty alleviation in the reality of the implementation of wisdom. With only the emphasis on gratitude, it is clear that the goal of poverty alleviation can not be achieved.

评论:扶贫要放弃对“感恩”的幻想   有“网红县委书记”之称的湖北巴东县委书记陈行甲,再度成为舆论焦点。近日,湖北省巴东县广播电视台发表了《陈行甲:精准扶贫中 自强感恩教育要跟上》一文。陈行甲在文章中表示,有些贫困户不懂感恩,反而出现了无理取闹的心态:“我是穷人我怕谁”“我是小老百姓我怕谁”“我掐着你玩”。对此,他要求加强对群众的自强感恩教育。(澎湃新闻网11月8日)   陈行甲这封“如鲠在喉,不吐不快”的公开信,相信当是出自真心。信中所揭露的一些贫困户的心态与扶贫现象,或确实在当地存在。   但是,在现代政治理念中,政府扶贫,乃是基于基本的公共职责与公共服务的必然要求。扶贫不是对贫困户的施舍,贫困户脱贫、享有基本的生存生活条件,也是其自身的一项公民权利。若要求贫困户对政府扶贫有感恩之心,是不是意味着没有感恩之心就不配接受扶贫?显然不是。再说,若干部都怀着收获感恩的心态去扶贫,不仅是一种责任与权利关系的倒置,扶贫工作恐怕也难以精准化。   现实中确实不排除一些贫困户有“等靠要”的消极心态,但这正是扶贫要致力解决的真问题。陈行甲在公开信中也提到,“精准扶贫不仅是帮助贫困人口改善生存条件,让他们经济上翻身,精神上也要翻身”,但是显然,感恩是达不到这一目标的。须知,贫困户产生消极心态,固然与个体的精神状态有关,但与过去粗放式的扶贫方式也难逃干系。如大水漫灌式的扶贫,“授人以鱼”而非“授人以渔”,当然容易引发一些人产生惰性,并割裂政府脱贫帮扶与贫困户自主脱贫的联系。   有必要正视的一点是,政府扶贫本不该预设贫困户都具有高道德水平和上进心。而且,一些看似个体层面的消极心理之形成,与区域性的生存条件、权利状况息息相关。要纾解“精神贫困”本就非一夕之功,对贫困户“怒其不争”,并不解决问题。针对千差万别的贫困户状况,予以有效帮扶,也是扶贫工作的难点。   至于扶贫工作中出现一些干部比贫困户更着急的现象,也要反思扶贫的工作方式与干部的考核制度设计问题。工作方法对了,激励机制恰当了,就不会因个别情况否定官员的扶贫绩效,也难以让一些贫困户“我掐着你玩”的心态得逞。   扶贫进入攻坚阶段,剩下的都是“硬骨头”。艰难之一表现在,一些地区的贫困不是仅仅通过个体努力和地区的协同发展就能脱贫,而是必须有赖于外界从资源投入到权利赋予的精准满足。若仍过于强调贫困户自身原因,强调贫困户应有感恩心态,就有可能形成“贫困就是穷人的错”的治理幻觉。   如何调动和激发贫困户自身的脱贫积极性,确实考验着精准扶贫在现实中的实施智慧。只强调感恩,显然无法实现扶贫目标。相关的主题文章: